Monday, October 16, 2017

Tracing the Facts about Greek Immigration

By Stratos Boudouridis
Special to The National Herald

Published in The National Herald, March 4, 2006  


I am excited to announce that The National Herald has given Hellenic Genealogy Geek the right to reprint articles that may be of interest to our group. 


NEW YORK - President Lyndon Johnson's immigration legislation reforms in 1965 played a very important role in the life and development of all immigrant communities in the United States. By extension, the Greek American community was no exception. 

According to relevant prior laws, Northern Europeans had priority over residents from other countries. The same legislation, which was created in 1920, limited the immigration of residents from many countries in Latin America. It is estimated that, until the Johnson immigration law reforms, 90 percent of U.S. immigrants emanated from Europe. 

The immigration reforms adopted in 1965 opened America's doors to millions of immigrants from Asian and Latin American countries, inviting them to participate in the “American Dream.” Twenty years later, only the 10 percent of this country's immigrants came from Europe. The overwhelming majority of “new immigrants” were from Mexico, Cuba and the Philippines. 

During this period and until the 1970's, when the Johnson laws were fully applied, Greece experienced the second largest immigration wave after the one marking in the dawn of 20th Century. Roughly 160,000 Greeks crossed the Atlantic Ocean searching for better life after 1965. 

Historically, more than 700,000 Greeks are recorded as emigrating from Greece to the United States from the time of the first waves of Greek immigration. 

According to statistics cited by Elizabeth Corwin, Press Counselor at the American Embassy in Greece, Greeks were generally less inclined to emigrate from their homeland during the postwar period, and there has been a marked decrease in the number of Greek immigrants as compared to the prewar period. One important difference is the fact that, before the World War II, the U.S. Embassy used to issue thousands of visas to Greeks who wished to immigrate to America. This is stark contrast to the current immigration climate, in which the number of visas issued to Greeks has dropped to less than 500 annually, and the half of those are issued to non-Greeks who live in Greece (e.g., Albanians). Statistics from the U.S. Embassy in Athens show precisely how many Greeks attempted to immigrate to the United States from 1820 to 1998: In the decade of 1821-30, 20 Greeks crossed the Atlantic Ocean; in 1831-40, 49 did so; in 1841-50, 16; in… 
1851-60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 
1861-70 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 
1871-80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210 
1881-90. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2,308 
1891-1900 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,979 
1901-10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167,519 
1911-20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 184,201 
1921-30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51,084 
1931-40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9,119 
1941-50. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8,973 
1951-60 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47,608 
1961-70 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85,969 
1971-80 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92,369 
1981-90 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38,377 
1991-93 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,096

According to the U.S. Embassy, 2,539 visas were issued to Greeks in 1994; 2,404 in 1995; 2,394 in 1996; 1,483 in 1997; and 1,183 in 1998. 

In 1995, a new law was created which permitted the issuance of migratory visas for two categories of immigrants: those who are entitled to an unlimited number of visas per year, and those who are only eligible for a restricted number of visas per year. 

The first category includes people who have a primary relationship to American citizens (e.g., spouses, parents and children under the age of 18). 

In the second category, no more than 675 thousand visas (total) are issued per year, and those are divided into three sub-categories:

1. 480,000 visas for persons who maintain family bonds with U.S. citizens, who may sponsor them. 

2. 140,000 visas are granted in the form of work permits for both skilled and unskilled individuals. Educators, artists, scientists and specialists in business and the sports industry are given priority. 

3. 55,000 for those with a higher education, as well as workers with at least two years of experience, and to no more than 10,000 unskilled laborers. 

According to recent statistics in the 2000 U.S. Census, 1,153,295 people of Greek heritage and 7,663 people of Cypriot heritage live and work in the United States, and constitute the 0.4 percent of its population. In the previous decade, the influx of Greek immigrants increased by 43,003 or 3.9 percent, rendering it the smallest increase from the time of the first mass migration in the late 19th Century.

Unofficially, community sources estimate the number of Greek Americans at more than 2.5 million. Almost 500 thousand of them live in the New York City area; 400 thousand in the Chicago area; 250 thousand in greater Boston; and a significant number in California, Philadelphia and Washington, DC. There are also substantial Greek communities in the states of Florida and Texas. 

Other large Greek immigration centers are Australia, which numbers, roughly 700 thousand Greeks; Germany, with some 316 thousand; and Canada, with 300 thousand. 

According to historians, the first Greek immigrant who came to America was a Cretan by the name Theodore, 36 years after Christopher Columbus discovered the Western Hemisphere. Theodore was a member of Spanish explorer Pafilio de Narfaeth's crew when his boat anchored at what is today known as the city of Pensacola, Florida. In January of 2005, a bronze statue of Theodore, the first Greek immigrant to the New World was erected in Tampa (an initiative undertaken by the Federation of Hellenic Societies of Florida).

The second official Greek immigrant in America is also of Cretan origin: one Konopios by name, who lived New England. According to recorded accounts, he owned and operated a coffee shop. 

In 1692, the Greek explorer Juan de Fuca (Yannis Phokas of Cepalonia) discovered the strait bearing his name, which separates the state of Washington from British Columbia. 

The first group immigration of Greeks took place in 1768, when almost 500 Greek immigrants colonized the Saint Augustine, Florida area. A little later, the first Greek Orthodox Church in America was built in New Orleans.

The first Greek student was Ioannis Paradisos (John Paradise), who came to the United States at the invitation of the great American statesmen and founding fathers, Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson. 

One of the early Greek immigrants was also the famous artist, Constantino Brumidi, who decorated the dome of Capitol building in Washington. Even though the first biographical accounts describe him as Italian, because he was born in Rome, in his autobiography,Brumidi reports that he is the son of Stavros Broumides from Filiatra of Arcadia in the Peloponnese.

The first mass immigrations of Greeks to the America began at the end of 19th Century and were completed by 1980. The primary motivation for most all Greek immigrants was the search for improved socioeconomic conditions. It is estimated that more than 650 thousands Greeks crossed the Atlantic Ocean by 1980. Many of them endured racist discrimination not only from members of other ethnic groups, but also from government officials.

Professor Charles Moskos, in his book, “Greek-Americans: Struggle and Success,” writes that the main reason for Greek immigrant success was their professional and public activity, “and the need for escape from misery and unequal treatment.” 

Many Greeks also felt the need to Americanize, in many cases changing their Greek names (if it wasn't already changed for them at Ellis Island) and adopting Anglicized versions of their original names to “fit in better” with American society and the American way of life. Many of them remained deeply Greek, however, in spite of this external impact on their Hellenic identity.

In 1959, a well-known study by Bernard Rosen revealed that Greek immigrants enjoyed the greatest degree of professional and educational success in the United States, compared to other ethnic groups in America. The 1960 Census showed that second generation Greek Americans possess a higher level of education among all other nationalities in the U.S., and only the Jews exceeded the Greeks in average income. The same was also confirmed in the 1970 census ten years later.

Friday, October 13, 2017

1871 - Village of KALYVIA, Municipality of Karyoupoleos, Region of Gythio, Greece - FREE Translation of 1871 General Election List

The digital collections of the Greek State Archives offer a wealth of information to those of us interested in Greek genealogy.  As part of their online collection is the "Election Material From the Collection of Vlachoyiannis" .  This includes "General Election Lists" for each Municipality; recorded by community (city, village, settlement, etc.).

You can view a scanned copy of each list, printed in the Greek language.  This is a GREAT resource, but very difficult to navigate for those who do not read Greek.  Each row includes:  Line # -  Given Name, Surname - Father's Name -  Age - Occupation.

I have translated these pages and made them available in both Greek and English, doing my best to transcribe the information accurately.  I would always recommend viewing the original scanned copies (link below).  

- To the best of my knowledge, these lists include all Males who were eligible to vote in the elections.  

- Names are in alphabetical order by Given name (First name), many times recorded as an abbreviaton.  Example:  Panag = Panagiotis.

- Since the names are in order by Given name you will have to look at the entire community to find multiple members of the family in the same village.  Many times a father is still alive and you will be able to find him in these electoral lists.  This can help advance you family history research back to the early 1800's.  Example:  Year of Election List is 1872.  Father's age is 65.  Birth year would be calculated as 1807.

If you wish to share any of the translated information, please give appropriate credit and reference Hellenic Genealogy Geek at along with my name (Georgia Stryker Keilman).  Thanks so much.

in the
Municipality of Karyoupoleos

For your further reference, 
below is the Greek link to the online copies of the 
1871 Greek Electoral Rolls for this community

Line # - Given Name - Surname - Father's Name - Age - Occupation

674 – Αντων Σκανδαλα?ακος? – Γεωργιος – 35 – γεωργος

674 – Anton Skandala?akos? – Georgios – 35 - farmer


675 – Αντων Μου?ηακος – Μαρκος – 30 – γεωργος

675 – Anton Mou?iakos – Markos – 30 - farmer


676 – Αντων Λαζαρακος – γρηγοριος – 21 – γεωργος

676 – Anton Lazarakos – Grigorios – 21 – farmer


677 – Βασιλ Καββακος – Θωμας – 22 – γεωργος

677 – Vasil Kavvakos – Thomas – 22 - farmer


678 – Γεωρ Καλαββακος – Δημητριος – 26 – γεωργος

678 – Geor Kalavvakos – Dimitrios – 26 - farmer


679 – Γεωρ Μοκομος? – Παναγιωτης – 43 – γεωργος

679 – Geor Mokomos? – Panagiotis – 43 - farmer


680 – Γεωρ Λαζαρακος – Θωμας – 25 – γεωργος

680 – Geor Lazarakos – Thomas – 25 - farmer


681 – Γεωρ Κομακουβελακος – Μιχαηλ – 25 – γεωργος

681 – Geor Komakouvelakos – Michail – 25 - farmer


682 – Γεωρ Κοτσιρεκος – Πετρος – 24 – γεωργος

682 – Geor Kotsirekos – Petros – 24 - farmer


683 – Γεωρ Καρακος – Παναγιωτης – 23 – κτηματιας

683 – Geor Karakos – Panagiotis – 23 - landowner


684 – Γρηγορ Λιζαρακος? – Θωμας – 44 – γεωργος

684 – Grigor Lizarakos? – Thomas – 44 - farmer


685 – γεωρ Καβακος – Θωμας – 26 – γεωργος

685 – Geor Kavakos – Thomas – 26 - farmer


686 – Για?ουζ Καρακος – Παναγιωτης – 23 – γεωργος

686 – Gia?ouz Karakos – Panagiotis – 23 - farmer


687 - Γεωρ Καββακος – Ευσταθιος – 22 – γεωργος

687 – Geor Kavvakos – Efstathios – 22 - farmer


688 – Δημητ Γρηγορακος ? – Γρηγοριος – 44 – γεωργος

688 – Dimit Grigorakos ? – Grigorios – 44 - farmer


689 – Δημητ Υωκακος – Γεωργιος – 59 – γεωργος

689 – Dimit Yokakos ? Georgios – 59  - farmer


690 – Δημητ Κυριακουλακος – Κυριακουλης – 51 – γεωργος

690 – Dimit Kyriakoulakos – Kyriakoulis – 51 - farmer


691 – Δημ. Κουτσομβιτης ? – Νικολαος – 24 ? – γεωργος

691 – Dim Koutomvitis ? – Nikolaos – 24 ? - farmer


692 – Ευσταθ Καββακος – Γεωργιος – 33 – γεωργος

692 – Efstath Kavvakos – Georgios – 33 - farmer


693 – Ηλιας Κουλουβαρης – Δημητριος – 42 – γεωργος

693 – Ilias Koulouvaris – Dimitrios – 42 - farmer


694 – Ηλ Μουρτσινακος – Γεωργιος – 55 – γεωργος

694 – Il Mourtsinakos Georgios – 55 - farmer


695 – Θωμας Λαζαρακος – Γρηγοριος – 22 – γεωργος

695 – Thomas Lazarakos Grigorios – 22 - farmer


696 – Θωμας Καββακος – Γεωργιος – 50 – γεωργος

696 – Thomas Kavvakos Georgios – 50 - farmer


697 – Ιωαν. Σπυριδακος – Δημητριος – 30 – γεωργος

697 – Ioan. Spyridakos – Dimitrios – 30 - farmer


698 – Ιωαν Ζαβαλακος – Ευσταθιος – 40 – γεωργος

698 – Ioan Zavalakos Efstathios – 40 - farmer


699 – Ιωαν. Βοζδακος ? – Βοηδης – 36 – γεωργος

699 – Ioan Vozdakos ? – Voidis – 36 - farmer


700 – Ιωαν Μουρτσινακος – Ηλιας – 30 ? – γεωργος

700 – Ioan Mourtsinakos – Ilias – 30 ? - farmer


701 – Μαρκ Κοβαντσακος – Δημητριος – 45 – γεωργος

701 – Mark Kovantsakos – Dimitrios – 45 - farmer


702 – Μιχαηλ Κασκαβελκηος ? – Γεωργιος – 46 – γεωρος

702 – Michail Kaskavelkios ? – Georgios – 46 - farmer


703 – Μιχ Κομηνδιος ? – Ιωαννης – 42 – γεωργος

703 – Mich Komindios ? – Ioannis – 42 - farmer


704 – Μιχ. Σπυριδακος – Δημητριος – 37 – γεωργος

704 – Mich Spyridakos – Dimitrios – 37 - farmer


705 – Νικολ Κουτσο?ωιτης ? – Δημητριος – 41 – γεωργος

705 – Nikol Koutso?oitis ? – Dimitrios – 41 - farmer


706 – Νικολ Κοτσιφακος – Πιετος ? – 33 – γεωργος

706 – Nikol Kotsifakos Pietos ? – 33 - farmer


707 – Νικολ Κομινατος – Δημητριος – 25 – γεωργος

707 – Nikol Kominatos – Dimitrios – 25 - farmer


708 – Παναγ Μπακογιαννης – Ιωαννης – 38 – γεωργος

708 – Panag Bakogiannis – Ioannis – 38 - farmer


709 – Πετρ Νικολακος – Νικολαος – 26 – γεωργος

709 – Petr Nikolakos Nikolaos – 26 - farmer


710 – Παναγ Καλουβαρης – Ηλιας – 22 – γεωργος

710 – Panag Kalouvaris Ilias – 22 - farmer


711 – Χρηστ Πετρακος – Πετρος – 24 – γεωργος

711 – Christ Petrakos Petros – 24 - farmer


IN THE NEWS - 1904 - The Greek Confectioners Chicago the Mecca of the Candy Business

Greek Star -- April 01, 1904
The Greek Confectioners Chicago the Mecca of the Candy Business

p. 2- Practically every busy corner in Chicago is occupied by a Greek candy store. Their perfect cleanliness and their elaborate method of making pure and delicious candies have made the Greeks the predominant factor in that line of business.
An impartial investigation reveals the indisputable fact that the Greeks are the fathers of the present candy industry.
What kind of candy store did we have here before the Greeks began to monopolize the trade? Where was candy sold, and what kind of candy? Old-timers know and remember where it was sold, and what kind of candy it was before the Greeks developed and expanded the manufacture and sale of confectionery.
The Greek confectioners are Chicago's pride, and Chicago is the pride of two thirds of the country. Chicago, not New York, has the credit of being the city of candy-makers. Seventy per cent of the Greek candy-merchants in America were originally citizens of Chicago. After they had learned the trade of fellow-Greeks for whom they worked and by saving had accumulated enough capital, they bade Chicago farewell and scattered to the four corners of this great country.
Each and every one of them, with Chicago money and Chicago training in the art of candy-making, found the city which suited him, and a new and up-to-date store in the Chicago style sprang up at the busy corner of that city. Now the rest of the story is easy. More Greeks came along and learned the trade, and the whole country is sweetened by the exquisite art of the Greek confectioner.
Inevitably Chicago became the center of supply for all these new stores all over the western and southern states. New industries sprang up here to supply the candy-makers' demands as they accelerated the development of the confectioner's business. Chicago firms have hundreds of traveling salesmen to supply these Greek confectioneries with the needs of the trade. This kind of business and such an activity did not exist before the Greeks tempted and sweetened the tooth of the country.
One of the wholesale dealers in Chicago, Mr. Christ Vlachandreas, of North Dearborn Street, who deals in extracts, travels far and wide, and because of his Greek shrewdness and by impersonating a Frenchman in talk, action, etc., he has discovered the real feelings of people in general toward the Greeks. In every state where he travels he cunningly directs his conversation toward the Greek confectioners and the Greeks in general. His ears are tickled with eulogies of the Greeks; he learns that they are clean, industrious, peaceable, law-abiding, honest people. The above qualities are all correctly and rightfully attributed to the Greeks. A big merchant in a western state told Mr. Vlachandreas that the Greeks in his town are the best specimens of human beings with some exceptions; that is, "they love wine, women, and cards." Of course we as Greeks know the wise saying of our ancestors, "nothing to excess," and accordingly we should govern and moderate our desires and our predilections.
And in order to maintain this good name which we enjoy everywhere, we must keep on endeavoring to surpass our record, rising from better to best and up to higher levels.
Well, are we going to shine only in one trade or line of business? Could Greeks tackle anything else and leave it undeveloped? Of course not! Let us make another record in some other line of business as yet undeveloped. The restaurant business in Chicago and elsewhere is growing very rapidly, and it will not be long before the Greeks will claim a monopoly on the heretofore undeveloped business of catering.


Thursday, October 12, 2017


The following obituaries and articles were published in the March 25, 2006 issue of The National Herald, with their kind permission I am providing them as a possible tool for Hellenic genealogy research.


George Patsios, Head of Local YMCA and “Godfather” of Hamilton, Ontario’s Greek Community, dies at 69

By Daniel Nolan, The Hamilton Spectator

HAMILTON, Ont. - If ever there was a man who tried to live life to the fullest, it was George Patsios. 

The Greek immigrant - called by some the "godfather" of Hamilton's Greek community - didn't hesitate to take on a task and worked on two continents, including stints as head of the Downtown Hamilton YMCA and general manager of the former Cable 4 (now Cable 14). 

At one point, in the summer of 1974, while working in Greece as director of a summer camp, he risked being drafted into the Greek army when the country almost went to war with Turkey over the future of Cyprus. But the Greek Government (a military dictatorship then) collapsed; democracy was restored; and war was averted. 

"It was just an experience that only people here can appreciate," Patsios told The Spectator at the time. "It was out of this world." 

Patsios, 69, died on February 20 after declining health for the last few years, brought on by contracting flesh-eating disease (necrotizing fasciitis) while he was working in Belleville in 1994. 

He died while receiving dialysis treatment at the hospital in Rio, near his home in Patras, 200 kilometers west of Athens. His wife and family members were by his side. His dialysis treatment was also as a result of contracting the disease. 

"He was really tired, and he had suffered a lot, and he decided on his own to leave on Monday," his wife Maria, 60, told The Spectator in a telephone interview. "It was a surprise. He just fell asleep, and that was the end of it, but he always said, 'Life was beautiful.' " 

The couple, married 40 years, traveled back and forth between Hamilton and Patras since 1998, but they stayed in Greece last year when Patsios became too ill to travel. 

"We have excellent memories of Hamilton," said Maria. "Hamilton is our home. George lived his life to the fullest. He did everything he wanted to do." 

Patsios first came to Hamilton from Montreal in 1964 to attend McMaster University and obtain a degree in physical education. 

He received his bachelor's after graduating from Sir George Williams University in Montreal in 1963. He immigrated to Canada from Greece in 1956. 

In 1965, Patsios joined the Hamilton Downtown YMCA as associate physical education director, and by the time he left in 1979, he had risen to become its manager. At that time, it had 5,000 members and a budget of $1.1 million. 

He also served on dozens of national, provincial and civic committees. Some committee work dealt with the future of the YMCA in Canada and the United States in the 1980's. He served on the executive boards of such groups as the Ontario Handball Association, the Canadian Racquetball Association, the Canadian Physical Directors Society, the Hamilton Epilepsy Association, the Hamilton Press Club, the Canadian Club and Hamilton's Special Events Committee. 

In early 1985 he was fired as general manager of Cable 4 after being on the job for five years and moving it in 1982 from cramped studios on Hamilton Mountain to new $300,000 headquarters on Dundurn Street South. No reason was given for the termination, but it didn't slow him down. He worked as a special adviser to Liberal Member of Parliament Lily Oddie Munro, and in 1989, he went to work in Belleville as director of its YMCA. 

He is perhaps best known for his work with the local Greek community. He worked with the Greek Orthodox Youth of America and the Hellenic Community of Hamilton, and between 1977-79 had both a Greek radio and a cable television show. He helped organize the Greek Festivals of 1978 and 1979, which celebrated the 25th anniversary of the founding of Saint Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church. 

"He was a very good husband and an excellent father," said Maria. "He always gave to people and tried to help people." 

Patsios is survived by his wife; three children, Anna Maria, 40, Angela, 33, and Demetrios, 39; and two grandchildren, Venetia, 3, and Maria, 2. All now live in Greece. 

The funeral was held in Patras on February 22, and Patsios was buried in a cemetery in his hometown of Zevgolatio. 

The Hamilton Spectator published the above on February 25. The original headline is, “George Patsios Headed YMCA, Served Hamilton with Distinction - 'Godfather' of Greek Canadians always tried to help people.”


Demetropolos, Sylvia. - Fell asleep in the Lord on Tuesday, March 7, 2006. She was born in Bingham Canyon, Utah on June 17, 1929 to George and Virginia Z. Demetropolos. She was a graduate of South High School in 1947. She went on to work for various places, but eventually retired after 25 years of dedicated service from the JC Penney Co. Sylvia was a member of the Greek Orthodox Church. She volunteered her time teaching Sunday School and assisting with the Boy Scout Program. She loved to work at the Greek Festival with all her friends and took pride in preparing the Spanakopita. Sylvia was a member of the Philoptochos Society and the Daughters of Penelope, holding positions of office both local and district. Sylvia is survived by her sisters; Helen Demetropolos and Phyllis Demetropolos, brother Jim (Athena) Demetropolos, nephew George (Stephanie) Demetropolos, niece Jeanie (Mark) Palmer, and her best friend Demo. Funeral Services were on Monday, March 13 at the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral. Friends and family called on Sunday, March 12 at Evans and Early Mortuary, with a Trisagion Memorial Service. Interment: Mount Olivet Cemetery In lieu of flowers, Sylvia's request was that donations be made to the Restoration of Holy Trinity Window Fund. May her memory be eternal.


Deomes Collinsworth, Mae. - Born on March 10, 1911 in Helena, AR and left this life on Wednesday, March 15, 2006. She was preceded in death by her husband, John F. Collinsworth; her parents, Gus and Rose Deomes; sisters, Mary Antul, Angeliki Stamatlou, Lula Geeker, Nina Souza, Lena Pollard; and brothers, Nick Spyrou and Jim Deomes. She is survived by a sister, Alice (Korem) Toney; nieces, Rose Thames, Nina Dees, Magda Felts, Sandy Cowling, Phyllis Pagonis, Voula Varvouris, Rose Mary White, Connie Cassidy, Andre Fitzgerald, Rosa Bullard; and nephews, Charles Deomes, Styke Valmus, Joe Pollard, Nick S. Geeker and Sam Toney; and Godson, Greg Thames. The loving care given to "Mae Mae" by the dedicated staff of Tandem Health Care over the last 10 years is deeply appreciated. A special thank you to her dear friend and care giver, Patsy Mougham. Memorials may be made to the Greek Orthodox Church or a charity of your choice. Visitation was on Friday, March 17with Trisagion Service. Funeral services were held at the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church on Saturday, March 18. Fr. Andrew Scordalakis officiated. Burial followed at Bayview Cemetery. Arrangements were handled by Waters & Hibbert Funeral Home.


Froustis, John N. - Beloved husband of Sue, nee Paraskevas; loving father of Lisa (Scott) Eng and Niki Froustis; proud grandfather of Stephany, Kristen and Isabel Eng; dear brother of Petros (Anna) Froustis and Stavroula (Mike) Diamandopoulos; fond uncle of many nieces and nephews. Visitation was on Sunday, March 19 at Smith-Corcoran Funeral Home, in Chicago, IL. Family and friends met the following morning at St. Haralambos Greek Orthodox Church, in Niles, IL for Funeral Service at 10:30 a.m. Entombment Elmwood Cemetery. Donations to St. Haralambos Church appreciated.


 Javaras, Aphrodite (nee Katsivelas) - Age 92; beloved wife of the late Basil G. Javaras; loving mother of Paul B. (Barbara K.) and the late George B. (Barbara B.); dearest grandmother of Kristen Nicole, Basil P. Nichols, Pamela (Gus E.) Pappas, John N. (Carol) Cutrone, Christine N. (Christopher) Lowe and great-grandmother of 11; devoted sister of Sotiris (Kaite) Katsivelas, Stella (the late Stavros) Nigdele, Constantine (Anna) Katsivelas, and the late Athanasia (the late Nicholas), the late Sophia (the late Mike) and the late John (the late Katina) Katsivelas; dear aunt of many nieces and nephews and friend of many. Visitation was on Sunday, March 19 at Salerno's Galewood Chapels, in Chicago, IL. Funeral service was held on March 20 morning at Assumption Greek Orthodox Church, in Chicago.


Kalogeras, Chris G. - Another member of the greatest generation, beloved husband of Pauline, nee Trigourea; loving father of George; proud grandfather of Ashley; devoted son of the late George and Helen; dear brother of the late John and Peter (Elaine) Kalogeras; fond brother-in-law of Bessie and the late Mary, Gladys, Esther and Sam Trigourea; cherished uncle of many. Combat Veteran WWII U.S. Air Force. Member of Hellenic Post #343 American Legion. Chief architect for the Chicago Transit Authority. Founding member of the O.Y. (Orthodox Youth of America). Past president and parish council member for 51 years of St. Basil Greek Orthodox Church, Chicago, IL. A proud Chicagoan. We love you Dad. Visitation was on Sunday, March 19 at Smith-Corcoran Funeral Home in Chicago, IL. Family and friends met the following morning at St. Basil Greek Orthodox Church, in Chicago, for visitation until time of Funeral Service. Interment Elmwood Cemetery. By request of his family, in lieu of flowers, memorial donations may be made to Hellenic Post #343 American Legion Monument Fund (to be erected at Elmwood Cemetery) c/o his family.


Koutsoukos, Demetra. - Age 83; beloved wife of the late Frank; loving mother of Jean (late Dimitrios) Michalopoulos, Thomas (Paula) Kramer and Nicholas; loving grandmother of Elaine, Deanna, Zachary and Mikey. Funeral service was on Monday, March 20 at St. Nectarios Greek Orthodox Church in Paltine, IL. Burial Arlington Heights Wheeling Township Cemetery. Information or (847) 253-0168.


Metalios, Peter. - Died on March 10; beloved husband of Demetra (nee Parthemos); devoted father of Vaio Metalios and his wife Kathryn, Margo Marck and her husband John; dear brother of Mary Teneke, Theophilos and Vaio Metalios; loving grandfather of Deanna Thompson and Michael Metalios; great-grandfather of Julia, Morgan, Peter and Zoe. Also survived by many nieces and nephews and great-nieces and - nephews. A Trisaghion Service was held at the Family Owned Leonard J. Ruck Inc Funeral Home, on Sunday, March 12. Mr. Metalios was laid in state at the Annunciation Cathedral, Maryland Avenue and Preston Street on Monday, March 13 with funeral service. Interment Greek Orthodox Cemetery.


Michas, Christopher J. - Beloved husband of Sophia, nee Stamos; beloved son of the late James and Antonia Michas; loving brother of George (the late Margaret) Michas and Stephanie (the late George) Lekas. Funeral was on Monday, March 20 from Wm H. Scott Funeral Home, in Wilmette, IL to SS. Peter and Paul Greek Orthodox Church for Funeral Service. Interment Memorial Park Cemetery. Donations to Pancreatic Cancer Research c/o ENH Foundation, 1033 University Place, Suite 450, Evanston, IL 60201-3196 would be appreciated.


Miltiades, Michael. - Passed away suddenly, on Friday March 17, 2006, at the age of 82. Beloved husband of 57 years to Evrdiki. Loving father of Maria and her husband Harilaos Vlahoyani of Greece, Andreas and his wife Maroulla Miltiadous and Markella and her husband Savvakis Georgiou, all of Kitchener. Grandfather to Vangelis and Miltos Vlahoyani, Miltos and Vicki Miltiadous and Nick and Maria Georgiou. Miltiades was a member of St. Peter St. Paul Greek Orthodox Church in Kitchener, Canada. Miltiades' family received relatives and friends at the Henry Walser Funeral Home, on Sunday, March 19 with Trisagion. Prayers were offered in the Funeral Home Chapel on Monday March 20, followed by the funeral at St. Peter St. Paul Greek Orthodox Church. Father Konstantine Chatzis officiated. Interment Parkview Cemetery.


Monocrusos, Elizabeth Bogue. - Died on March 5; of Danville, CA, formerly of Baltimore, MD; loving sister of the late Marguerite M. Hall; devoted Aunt of nieces Anne Woods and Elizabeth Hall and nephew Stephen Hall; beloved cousin of Harry Monocrusos and dear sister-in-law of Joseph Hall. A Trisaghion Service was held at the family owned Ruck Towson Funeral Home Inc, on Sunday, March 12. Miss Monocrusos was laid in state at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation on Monday, March 13 at which time the funeral service was held. Interment at the Woodlawn Cemetery. In lieu of flowers memorial gifts may be made to the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation or to the Ladies Philoptochos Society, both at 24 W. Preston Street, Baltimore, MD 21201.


Prousis, Marion (nee Harris) - Beloved wife of the late Kay (Kyriakos)Prousis; loving mother of Michael (Stephanie) Prousis, Danae (Dennis) Rasor and Theo (Betty) Prousis; proud grandmother of Alexis, Melli, Samantha and Anthony Prousis, Katie, Greg and Becky Rasor, James and Andrew Furdell; dear sister of Helene (the late Savas) Georgiou and the late Dorothy (the late Ted) Kotsakis; sister-in-law of Elena and Patricia Proussis. Visitation was on Tuesday, February 14 until time of funeral service in SS. Peter and Paul Greek Orthodox Church in Glenview, IL. Interment private. Kindly omit flowers. Memorial donations may be made to Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (for Alzheimers research), 710 N. Lake Shore Dr., Chicago, IL 60611.


Speros, Ted J. - Our loving father and “Papou” Ted J. Speros passed away at home on Friday March 17, 2006. Ted was born December 26, 1914 to Effie and John Speros in Bingham Canyon, Utah. He graduated from Bingham High School and attended the University of Utah. He married Katy Paulos in 1941 and they were partners in marriage for 59 years. Ted's life was characterized and ennobled by his devotion to his family. Ted Speros was owner of Lambs Grill Cafe, The Herald Building, and Speros Investments. He was a fixture on Main Street for over 60 years in his fresh crisp white coat, greeting customers at the front door of Lambs Grill Cafe. Mr. Speros was a charter member of the Utah State Restaurant Association and served as president of the organization for two years. He was a charter member of the Executive Food Service Association and served as its president, national director and vice president of the Executive Food Service Association Western Territory. He was a trustee of the Western Restaurant Management group for 20 years. In 1965 Mr. Speros organized West High Schools Vocation Food Service program. He served on the Board of Governors for the World Conference of Records for Food and Service. He received the Golden Spoon Award for professionalism and civil accomplishment and was placed in the Utah Restaurant Association Hall of Fame in 1985. Ted was very active in the Salt Lake community and served on numerous boards. Mentioning only a few: Ballet West, Utah Opera, The Utah Symphony, Chamber of Commerce, Ethics and Discipline Committee of the Utah State Bar, University of Utah Emeritus Association, Bonneville Knife and Fork Club. Mr. Speros served as a Board of Governor at the LDS Hospital and was one of the co-founders of the national conference of Christians and Jews. Mr. Speros was a Master Mason Progress Lodge No. 22, York Rite Mason No. 1 RAM, Scottish Rite of full masonry, member of El Kalah Temple, and Royal order of Jesters court No. 49. Ted was proud of his Greek heritage and was an active member of the Greek Orthodox Church. He served as president of the Salt Lake City Greek community for two years. He will always be remembered in Salt Lake City for letting the underprivileged have a cup of coffee, a free meal, and slipping someone on the street a five dollar bill. He will always be remembered by his family for his strong morals, work ethic and his dedication to them. Ted had four loves in life. His family, his Greek heritage, Salt Lake City, and Lambs Grill Cafe. He is survived by his three children, Victoria Peters (Bill), John T. Speros (Magdalena), Estelle G. Kevitch (Michael). His grandchildren Angela Murphy (Michael), Katie Peters (John Kindred), Thomas Peters (Lori), T.J. Speros (Jennifer). Great-grandchild Alexandra Jo Ann Murphy, David Kevitch, and his sister Ann Davis. He was preceded in death by his parents, brother Peter J. Speros, and the love and sparkle of his life, his wife Katy. His family expresses grateful appreciation to "An Angel" Magda Gomez, who has cared for their parents for 10 years, to other caretakers Enrice Gomez, Carmen Verona, Irma Herring and Rina Galindo, for their loving compassionate care and companionship. They thank Dr. James Pearl and his staff for their dedication. Funeral services were held on March 21, 2006 at the Holy Trinity Cathedral. Interment was at Mount Olivet Cemetery. Ted expressed donations to be made to the Shriners Children Hospital or a charity of your choice. "May his memory be eternal."


Obituaries - RALLIS, MOURAD, PROUSIS nee HARRIS, RIGAS, SEFERLIS, SIMONS (Symeonides), TARATSIDES, TREFONAS, TSIBOUKAS nee SIKARAS, VLANGAS, ZACHARY (Zacharakopoulos), TREFONAS - The National Herald, March 18, 2006

The following obituaries and articles were published in the March 18, 2006 issue of The National Herald, with their kind permission I am providing them as a possible tool for Hellenic genealogy research.


Former Prime Minister of Greece George Rallis Dies of Heart Failure at 88 Years of Age

George Rallis, a former Greek Prime Minister and foreign minister, who monitored Greece's accession into the European Economic Community died this past Wednesday, March 15, from heart failure at age 88. 

The son and grandson of two Prime Ministers, Mr. Rallis was first elected to the Hellenic Parliament in 1950. He was first given a ministerial post in 1954 and served at various times as minister of state, transportation and public works, public order, education, interior and foreign affairs, before taking over as Prime Minister in charge of a New Democracy government from 1980 to 1981. 

He studied law and political science at the University of Athens, from which he graduated in 1939. He served the Greek Cavalry in Albania during the 1941 ItalianGreek war, and later also served the Hellenic Army during the Greek Civil War. 

As a close collaborator of the late Prime Minister, Constantine Karamanlis, he participated in the founding of the National Radical Party, ERE, in 1956. He resigned from ERE's 1958 government, along with 14 other members of Parliament over a disagreement with Mr. Karamanlis on electoral legislation. He was suspended from ERE, to which he returned in 1961. 

In 1967, as public order minister of the last pre-dictatorship government of Panagiotis Kanellopoulos, Mr. Rallis solicited the help of the Greek military stationed in northern Greece against the colonels. That effort failed, and he was arrested on April 21, 1967 and placed under house arrest for two months. He was later exiled to the island of Kassos until September 1968. 

After the democracy was reinstated in 1974, he became a leading member of New Democracy and successfully monitored the accession of Greece to the European Economic Community in 1978. 

When Mr. Karamanlis became President of the Hellenic Republic in 1980, Mr. Rallis became Prime Minister, during which time Greece returned to NATO for the first time since the 1974 Cyprus invasion. He served as prime minister until 1980, when Andreas Papandreou's socialist party, PASOK, first came to power. 

Mr. Rallis returned to the Parliament in 1990 but resigned in 1993, after a disagreement with then Prime Minister Constantine Mitsotakis on the Skopje issue. He returned to the party in 1997, under then ND Party Chairman Miltiades Evert. 

Mr. Rallis authored several books on politics and Modern Greek history. Condolences were sent by President of the Hellenic Republic Karolos Papoulias, Prime Minister Costas Karamanlis, Hellenic Parliament Speaker Anna Psarouda-Benaki and the main opposition leader, PASOK Party Chairman George Papandreou, among others. 

The above incorporates information from reports posted by and the Athens and Macedonian Press Agencies.


Mourad, John H. - Age 87; of Racine, WI. Services were on Friday, March 10; died March 4. During World War II he served in the Greek army. He was employed by J.I. Case Co. for 25 years, retiring in 1982, and was a member of the 20 Year Club. He was a member of the Kimissis Theotokou Greek Orthodox Church. Survivors include his wife, Morfia; his son, Bill Vasilios Mourad of Racine; a brother, Sava (Despina) Arapoglou of Kozane, Greece; a sister, Mary Arapoglou of Kozane, Greece; and two grandchildren. Memorials are suggested to the Kimissis Theotokou Greek Orthodox Church. The Maresh-Meredith & Acklam Funeral Home, in Racine, handled the arrangements. For information, call the funeral home at (262) 634- 7888.


Rigas, Leo A. - Age 76; of Pine Brook, NJ; a service was on March 11 in St. George Greek Orthodox Church, Clifton, after the funeral from Shook's Cedar Grove Funeral Home in Cedar Grove. Mr. Rigas, who died Wednesday, March 8 at home, was a truck driver for Schmitt Builders of Secaucus for 30 years before retiring in 1990. Most recently, he was a bus driver's aide with the Kevah Konnor Bus Co. in Pine Brook for three years. He served in the Army during the Korean War. Born in Holyoke, Mass., he lived in Jersey City and Fairfield for 25 years before moving to Pine Brook five years ago. Surviving are his wife, Frosine; a daughter, Stella Blake; a son, Andrew; brothers, Ted Rigas and Alec Waddleton; a sister, Leona Rizzo, and six grandchildren.


Seferlis, Antonia B. - Age 100; died March 3 after a brief illness, surrounded by her loving family. She was born in Plattsburgh and was a Syracuse resident most of her life. Survivors: two daughters and a son-in- law, Angeline Booras of New Hartford and Sandra and Paul (Lucky) Grigoriadis of Syracuse; six grandchildren; and five greatgrandchildren. She was predeceased by her husband, William G. Seferlis, and a daughter, Georgia P. Seferlis. Services were on Tuesday, March 7 at St. Sophia's Greek Orthodox Church. Interment: Oakwood Cemetery. Arrangements entrusted to Chase Funeral Home Inc.


 Simons, Artemesia (Symeonides) - Born near Sohoum, Georgia (Russia) on August 2, 1908. Scarred by the ravages of war in 1922, she became a refugee with the rest of her family and moved to Greece. She was married in Greece to Symeon Symeonides. Her legacy of indomitable faith in God, and taking care of her family shall live forever with all those who were for tunate to have known her. She left an indelible impression to all with whom she came into contact. Alone, widowed by a Carbon County mine explosion, pregnant with a fourth child, in a strange land, battling extreme hardships, ignorance, and prejudice, she worked very hard to raise a family within her most precious Greek Orthodox faith. Her awesome inner strength provided her with the courage to deal with all the blows that life has dealt her; she was challenged beyond endurance and she endured. Her constant companion was her beloved special son Fotios with whom she spent most of her life. In our mind they became the dynamic duo that protected each other from birth to death. May her Pontian spirit; her Greek ethic; her Orthodox faith; and, forthrightness be a great beacon to her progeny and to all those whose life she has touched during her ninety seven plus years. Everyone that came into contact with her profited from her will to live, her will to protect her children, and her uncompromising demand for integrity in her relationship with others. We shall treasure every moment we spent with her. Her spirit and her advice shall always be with us. She will eternally live in our hearts and minds. We shall always be inspired by her life accomplishments; we shall treasure the values we were lucky and privileged to receive from her. We remember with fondness her passion for gardening and her award winning yard. As we go through our journey of life we shall always be guided by her faith, unquestioned honor, and single minded integrity; we shall always remember the sparkle in her eye. She entered eternity in her sleep on Tsiknopempti, February 23, 2006. She is now resting in God's bosom. Preceded in death by her parents, husband, sons John and Fotios. Survived by children Despoina (Norris) Struck, George Simons, Sophia (Nick) Colessides; grandchildren John (Michelle) Struck, Dimitri Struck; Mark (Lynne) Simons, Leslie (Don) Faught, Amy (Don) Jennings; great grandchildren: Alexis, Yianni, and Zoe Struck; Katrina, and Elissa Simons; Connor Crozier; Alexandra Ward, Grace Jennings; numerous nieces and nephews in Greece. Special friends Tina Katis and Jon Anast. The family appreciates the services of the Brighton Gardens in Salt Lake and Colorado Springs, and the hospice service, who assisted Yiayia in her final days. Funeral service was on Monday, February 27, 2006 at Assumption Greek Orthodox Church, Price, Utah. Contributions suggested to be made to the Assumption Greek Orthodox Church, P.O. Box 688, Price, Utah 84501


Prousis, Marion (nee Harris) - Beloved wife of the late Kay (Kyriakos)Prousis; loving mother of Michael (Stephanie) Prousis, Danae (Dennis) Rasor and Theo (Betty) Prousis; proud grandmother of Alexis, Melli, Samantha and Anthony Prousis, Katie, Greg and Becky Rasor, James and Andrew Furdell; dear sister of Helene (the late Savas) Georgiou and the late Dorothy (the late Ted) Kotsakis; sister-in-law of Elena and Patricia Proussis. Visitation was on Tuesday, February 14 until time of funeral service in SS. Peter and Paul Greek Orthodox Church in Glenview, IL. Kindly omit flowers. Memorial donations may be made to Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine (for Alzheimers research), 710 N. Lake Shore Dr., Chicago, IL 60611.


Taratsides, Panagiotis. - Died on March 11. He gave 38 years of service to St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, in Baltimore; beloved husband of Athena Taratsides, devoted father of George Taratsides and Despina Hiotis, dear brother of Anatoly Stelios, loving grandfather of Athena and Philip Hiotis. Relatives and friends gathered at Charles S. Zeiler & Son in Baltimore on Monday, March 20. Further visitation was held on the following day with service immediately following at St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, 520 S. Ponca St. Trisaghion. Services were held on Monday.


Trefonas, Louis Marco Dr. - Age 74; loving husband, father, grandfather and brother, passed away Thursday, March 2, 2006. He was born in Chicago, IL to Peter and Eugenia Trefonas. He was a renowned Professor of Chemistry and former Vice President of Research & Graduate Dean at UCF. Louis is survived by his wife of 48 years, Gail Trefonas, Rhododendron, OR; son and daughter-inlaw, Peter and Heidi Trefonas, Medway, MA; daughter and sonin-law, Stephanie and Nick Keller, Castro Valley, CA; daughter, Jennifer Trefonas, Seattle, WA; son and daughter-in-law, Mark and Monica Trefonas, Sandy, OR; son and daughter-in-law, Paul and Randi Trefonas, London, UK; son and daughter-in-law, Jason and Elisabeth Trefonas, Jackson Hole, WY; eight grandchildren: Alexa, Alexander, Andrew, Brandon, Payton, Peter, Sierra and Tiffany; one brother, Peter Trefonas and one sister, Katherine Stathakos both of Chicago, IL. We love you and will miss you. Wake was on Sunday, March 12 at Salerno's Galewood Chapels. Services were on Monday, March 13 at Saint Basil Greek Orthodox Church in Chicago. Father Chris officiated. Interment 1:30 p.m. Elmwood Cemetery, Chicago, IL.


Tsiboukas, Dimitra (nee Sikaras) - Beloved wife of the late Nikolaos; devoted mother of Maria (Peter) Koutsopoulos and Theodora (Algis) Deckys; fond grandmother of Andrea (Chad) Smith, Dimitra (Kevin) Bullens and greatgrandmother of Ryan, Kevin and Daniel; dear sister of Nikolaos (Angeleki) in Greece, Frank (Helen) and Bill (Pota) Sikaras; dear aunt of many nieces and nephews. Family and friends met Monday morning, March 13 at Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Chicago, for funeral service. Interment Elmwood Cemetery. Arrangements by Hellenic Funeral Service (Nicholas M. Pishos Funeral Director) (773) 745-1333.


Vlangas, James William. - Died on March 8; loving husband of Rosemarie; devoted father of Georgette E. Vlangas, Louis J. Vlangas, Jamy A. Bosey and the late William J. Vlangas; father-in-law of Joanna Vlangas; dear grandfather of David J. Updegraff, Amanda Brannock, Ronald C. Moore, Thomas G. Hare and Stacey A. Hare; great-grandfather of Alexandra Vlangas-Perry, Austin Hare, James and Hailey Moore and Griffin Brannock; brother of Helen Gretes and Alexander Vlangas. Also survived by several nieces and nephews. Friends called at the family owned Ruck Towson Funeral Home in Baltimore on March 11 and 12, where a Trisagon Service was also held. Mr. Vlangas was laid instate at the Greek Orthodox Cathedral of the Annunciation, on March 13, with funeral service. Interment Greek Orthodox Cemetery, Windsor Mill Road.


Zachary, (Zacharakopoulos) John G. M.D., Ph.D. - Age 94; beloved husband of Pota, nee Yakas; loving father of Connie Turos and George Zachary; proud grandfather of Nicole (Manuel) Marin, Michelle Turos, Dannai Turos, Destenee Zachary, Joey Turos, Tamara Turos, John and Zachary; cherished greatgrandfather of Emmanuel, Ryan, Danielle, Arielle and Valerie; dear brother of Maria (Marinos) Kormas and the late Licourgos and Panos Zacharakopoulos in Greece. Dr. Zachary, an Orthopedic Surgeon, practiced medicine for 51 years in Greece, Illinois Masonic and Swedish Covenant Hospitals in Chicago, retiring in 1988. Visitation was on Tuesday, February 18 at the Smith-Corcoran Funeral Home in Chicago, IL. Funeral was on Wednesday, February 15 from the funeral home to St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church in Chicago for funeral service.


 Louis Marco Trefonas, Scientist, Researcher and Professor, Dies at 74

By Amy C. Rippel ,Orlando Sentinel

Louis Marco Trefonas was a scientist by profession, a chemistry professor and researcher whose work can be seen throughout the University of Central Florida. 

But his other passion - the arts - created what some might consider an usual marriage of the concrete and the creative, his friends and family said. 

Trefonas, 74, a former UCF vice president for research and graduate dean, died last Thursday, March 9, in an Oregon hospital. He retired from UCF in 1999. 

He was a chemist who, at one point, collaborated at Harvard University with a former mentor, who went onto receive the 1976 Nobel Prize in chemistry based partly on their work. And he loved nature and the arts, shown by his support for UCF visual arts and his instrumental role in establishing an arboretum at the school. 

"He brought a needed sense of creativity to the University of Central Florida that he repeatedly demonstrated in his commitment to all of our research programs," Rusty Okoniewski, a close friend who worked with Trefonas at UCF, told Trefonas' son-in-law Nick Keller. 

"Although science was certainly his first love, I will always remember his strong desire to foster the arts on our campus as well. His legacy can be seen throughout UCF." 

Born in Chicago, Trefonas married his love, Gail Thames, in 1957. 

In 1954, Trefonas earned his Master of Science degree from the University of Chicago and went onto complete his doctorate in chemistry in 1959. He took his first teaching job in 1960 as a University of New Orleans chemistry professor. He later served as the school's chemistry chairman. 

In 1972, Trefonas took a sabbatical to spend a year in research at Harvard, his family said. 

In 1980, Trefonas moved to Central Florida to work at UCF. His family and friends said he worked to bring research groups to the UCF Research Park. 

"He is best known for his study on the molecular structure of compounds used in cancer research, and for his long affiliation with the American Cancer Society, Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers, Florida Solar Energy Center and the UCF Arboretum, which he co-founded," his family said in a written statement. 

UCF Art Professor Walter Gaudnek said Trefonas always took a personal interest in the arts program. "That's a blessing," he said. 

Trefonas was a longtime member of the Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church in Maitland, Florida. 

He is survived by his sons, Peter of Medway, Massachusetts, Mark of Sandy, Oregon, Paul of London and Jason of Jackson Hole, Wyoming; his daughters, Stephanie Keller of Castro Valley, California and Jennifer of Seattle; his brother, Peter, and his sister, Katherine Stathakos, both of Chicago; and eight grandchildren. 

Pishos Galewood Funeral Chapels, Chicago, handled the funeral arrangements. 

The Orlando Sentinel Published the above on March 12. The original headline is, “Scientist Louis Trefonas Left Legacy During his Two Decades with UCF.”