Thursday, April 27, 2017

4,657 Greeks in U.S., Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-1939



April 3, 2017 Ancestry.com added a new database titled U.S. Army Transport Service, Passenger Lists, 1910-1939 that contains 4,657 people recorded as having lived in Greece. 
If you do not have a subscription to Ancestry.com, remember that you can access the program at most of your local libraries for FREE.

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Description of collection:

About This Collection
The U.S. Army Transport Service (ATS) was established in 1899 as part of the Army Quartermaster Department. It was originally created to manage the transport of troops and cargo on Army ships that travelled between U.S. and overseas ports during the Spanish-American War. During World War I, the Quartermaster Corps managed the Army's deepwater fleet.
The records in this collection consist of passenger lists created between 1910 and 1939. These lists recorded details on all persons arriving at U.S. ports on ATS ships. In addition to troops, passengers could also include nurses and other support personnel, family members, and any other passengers who may have been traveling onboard these ships. In some instances, troops from other countries traveled on U.S. Army ships as well. Details recorded in these passenger lists typically include the following information.
  • Ship name
  • Arrival date and place
  • Departure date and place
  • Service member's name, rank, service number, age, residence, next of kin with relationship, and the regiment, company, detachment, or other organization that the service member was attached to
  • For non-service members, relation to service member
Note: In 1942, after the U.S. entered World War II as a result of the bombing of Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1942, the U.S. Army Transport Service was absorbed into the U.S. Army Transportation Corp. For additional details on the history of U.S. Army transportation in general, see the website of the U.S. Army Transportation Corps.



Wednesday, April 26, 2017

1924-1936 Hellenic Review Newspaper (Seattle) Digitized - Online Access


Source:  GREEKS OF WASHINGTON, Spring 2017


The Greeks of Washington Museum recently learned that copies of the WASHINGTON HELLENIC REVIEW, the Seattle Greek newspaper, published from 1924 to 1936 and housed in the Unites States Library of Congress has been digitized and will soon be available at www.greeksinwashington.org.  This publication preceded the AHEPA MENTOR as the primary medium for news and communication in the Greek community in Seattle.   Original copies of the publication are also available in the Greeks in Washington Archive.

Friday, April 21, 2017

PARISH PROFILE: Holy Trinity - St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, Cincinnati, Ohio



This profile was published in the September 1998 Orthodox Observer, and can be read in full online - https://www.goarch.org/-/september-1998-orthodox-observer

PARISH PROFILE:  Holy Trinity - St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church

LOCATION:  Cincinnati, Ohio

FOUNDED:  1907 - oldest parish in Ohio



This parish reflects Christ's statement to the Apostle Peter that "the gates of hades will not prevail" against His Church.

For the original Holy Trinity community, Greek politics and the Great Depression undermined its existence, but did not prevail.

The Greek Orthodox Christian presence in Cincinnati began to the 19th century.

According to an extensive history by retired Judge John Steven Moralies, several Greek's came to Cincinnati as early as the 1840s, when it was the nation's sixth largest city and a center for many industries.

Among the most notable 19th century Greeks in Cincinnati were Professor John N. Zachos, who collaborated with famed educator Horace Mann to establish Antioch College in Yellow Springs; Captain John Christy, who fought in the Civil War and later patented several inventions relating to the steamship industry, then a major industry in Cincinnati; and Lefacio Hearn of Levkas, who became one of the outstanding writers for the Cincinnati Enquirer and won national fame.

Most of the pioneer settlers arrived between 1880 and 1900, during the first large wave of Greek immigration to the United States.

Steps to organize a church began in 1907.  An itinerant missionary priest, hieromonk Fr. Nathaniel Sideris, hearing there were a number of Greeks in the city, came to Cincinnati from New Orleans by steamboat in May of that year and organized the first parish in the state of Ohio.

Fr. Sideris served as the first permanent resident priest.  However, he left in 1908 because of his questionable canonical status as a priest.

Interestingly, after Fr. Sideris left Cincinnati, he moved on to Detroit, where he established the first Greek Orthodox church in the city, Annunciation. . . . . 

The parish experienced considerable turmoil in its early years.  "The volatile termperment of the Greek immigrant often clashed with the spiritual leader of the parish,"  Judge Morailes writes in his history.  "The parish councils were  . . . . 

READ THE ENTIRE ARTICLE - https://www.goarch.org/-/september-1998-orthodox-observer




Thursday, April 20, 2017

Library at Hellenic College Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology



The Archbishop Iakovos Library & Learning Resource Center
at Hellenic College Holly Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology
Brookline, Mass.

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Personal Note:  I have been able to borrow a very rare book written about my grandfather's village in Greece from this library utilizing my local public library's inter-library loan program.  
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The facility serves the school and the greater academic and religious community by supporting the curricula of the undergraduate college and the master’s level theological seminary programs and by offering research materials for scholarly work. The Library's resources are housed in the Archbishop Iakovos Library and the adjoining Cotsidas-Tonna Library.
Principal collections include acquisitions in Orthodox theology, Classics, Byzantine history, and Modern Greek studies. The Library houses over 60,000 monographic volumes, over 400 active serial titles, and a large number of audio-visual materials. In addition, the holdings of the Library include a rare book collection in Orthodox, Greek, and general religious studies, as well as an archive of materials related to the history of the school and of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America. The top floor of the library contains the permanent exhibition of the Archbishop Iakovos Collection.


New Book Released on Genocide in the Ottoman Empire



The National Herald publishes the following Literary Review
authored by Eleni Sakellis
April 15-21, 2017

NEW BOOK RELEASED ON GENOCIDE IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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Book Title:

GENOCIDE IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE -
Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks 1913-1923

Edited by
George N. Shirinian

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The Asia Minor and Pontus Hellenic Research Center (AMPHRC), based in Chicago, IL has released the sixth book in a series on the Genocide of the Greeks of Asia Minor, Pontos, and Eastern Thrace and of the Armenians and Assyrians.

Genocide in the Ottoman Empire: the Armenians, Assyrians and Greeks, 1913-1923 edited by George N. Shirinian includes the recommendation of the International Conference on the Ottoman Turkish Genocides of Anatolian Christians, which was held at the Illinois Holocaust Museum and Educational Center in May, 2013. The conference was the first without the late Dr. Harry J. Psomiades, the visionary, pillar, and benefactor of the Center. Shirinian, the book’s editor, is the Executive Director of the International Institute for Genocide and Human Rights Studies, a division of the Zoryan Institute. His publications include Studies in Comparative Genocide and The Asia Minor Catastrophe and the Ottoman Greek Genocide: Essays on Asia Minor, Pontos, and Eastern Thrace, 1913–1923.

AMPHRC Director George Mavropoulos spoke to The National Herald, welcoming the publication of the book and expressing gratitude to Shirinian, the writers and academics, who offer the reader and future historians the opportunity to realize that “the last years of the Ottoman Empire were disastrous for all non-Turkish, non-Muslim minorities.”

He noted that the new book shows that the Genocide of Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks was perpetrated at the same time and recalls that the struggle for recognition of the Genocide is and should be shared.

Mavropoulos expressed his gratitude to all who helped and offered a donation for the publication of the book and said that “the book was released the week of the Diaspora celebrating the 196th anniversary of the Greek Revolution.”

He also noted that on the day of our national holiday at the Pontic Club in Astoria, GreekRussian businessman and one of the grand marshals of this year’s New York Greek Independence Parade, Ivan Savvidis, announced the donation of $50,000 from his family foundation for the continuation of the project for the study of the history of Asia Minor Hellenism and its great cultural contributions before and after the destruction of their ancestral homes.

This donation, Mavropoulos said, is the largest the Center has received so far to reward and reinforce its work.

Referring to the Genocide, Mavropoulos noted that from 1913 to 1923, the leaders of the Ottoman Empire deported, killed, or otherwise persecuted a large number of men, women, and children in an effort to maintain a “Turkey for the Turks” creating a modern precedent for how a system may implement a genocide against its own citizens for the pursuit of political objectives, while escaping the attention of public opinion entirely.

Although this brutal story is best known through the Armenian Genocide, very few today can appreciate the extent to which the fate of the Assyrian and Greek nationals were linked to that of the Armenians.

Mavropoulos said “this book will be introduced at university libraries and distributed to politicians and historians to increase awareness of the history and destruction of Hellenism in Asia Minor, Pontos, and Eastern Thrace.”

Among the chapters in the book is The Assyrian Issue 1914- 1935: Australian Documents and Press by Stavros Stavridis, Found in Translation: Eyewitness Accounts of the Massacres in Nicomedia as Reported by Greek Journalist Kostas Faltaits by Eleni Phufas, The Genocide of the Ottoman Greeks 1913- 1923: Myths and Facts by Thea Halo, and Redeeming the Unredeemed: The Anglo-Hellenic League's Campaign for the Greeks in Asia Minor by Georgia Kouta.

Genocide in the Ottoman Empire: Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks, 1913-1923 edited by George N. Shirinian is available online.  

Note:  this book is available through several different sources including Amazon.com and AMPHRC The Asia Minor and Pontos Hellenic Research Center - http://hellenicresearchcenter.org/publications/genocide-in-the-ottoman-empire-armenians-assyrians-and-greeks-1913-1923/



Wednesday, April 19, 2017

Folk Arts Museum and Library of Dimitsana, Gortynia, Greece



FOLK ARTS MUSEUM AND LIBRARY
Village of Dimitsana, Gortynia, Greece

Dimitsana is a stone-built village with remarkable mansions, most of which are now restored. It is a typical sample of Gortynia's architecture and it is registered as a traditional one.

Dimitsana's Library contains today about 35,000 books, manuscripts and documents. In Dimitsana's Museum, housed in the Library, there are collections of weaving, looms and handicrafts and an archaeological one.

wikipedia.org & gtp.gr

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Greece's Forgotten Lucrative Tobacco Era - Tobacco Museum of Kavala



GREECE'S FORGOTTEN LUCRATIVE TOBACCO ERA

Published in The National Herald, August 22-28, 2015 Issue
Authored by Anthe Mitrakos

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We are excited to announce that The National Herald has given Hellenic Genealogy Geek the right to reprint articles that may be of interest to our group. 

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KAVALA, GREECE – Greece is in modern days is surely known for producing a number of local goods like feta cheese, Chios masticha, and the best olive oil in the world. But not many people know that the country was once host to a booming tobacco production industry.

In fact, in the 19th and 20th centuries, the economies of a number of Greek cities relied almost exclusively on the cultivation and sale of tobacco leaves, according to a Johns Hopkins University Press research paper by National Technical University of Athens Associate Professor Maria Renetzi. 

In the Northern Greece city of Kavala, for instance, the tobacco craze went full cycle, from leaf picking, to drying, to processing tobacco, which was then transported from large warehouses to the local port where foreign ships awaited their precious parcels. According to Renetzi’s report, exports were mainly sent to the Hapsburg Empire and also England, Egypt, Russia, France, and the United States.

Tobacco production in the area dates back to the Ottoman occupation, when the sultan had forbidden Turks from growing the plant, thus exclusively handing over cultivation to local Greek merchants. As smoking became a growing trend among Greeks, the tobacco industry prospered, and Kavala became a tobacco-producing mecca and major export harbor.

The city soon attracted independent exporters and Greek bourgeoisie who invested in warehouses and trade, further strengthening the local tobacco production industry. By 1880, all the key European counties had established consulates in Kavala city, and by the end of the 19th century, around 4,000 tons of tobacco were being exported annually from the city’s port. 

By 1913, Renetzi notes, a total of 61 tobacco companies were registered in the city, and close to 6,000 people were employed in the industry, though by the 1950s, new technological advances replaced old traditional ways of cultivation and production, which became more efficient in others parts of the world. And thus, the once successful tobacco industry of Kavala ceased to exist. 

Though now long gone, the Greek tobacco industry’s rich past is today celebrated at the Tobacco Museum of Kavala. Unique in itself, the history of Kavala’s Tobacco Museum dates back before 2003 when it was officially opened to the public. It is hosted in a small section of an impressive historical building which formerly housed the Greek Tobacco Organization that served as a tobacco showroom since the 1970s. 

The museum’s exhibit area is separated into seven themed sections including cultivation, manufacturing, trade, and more, showcasing a number of historical items including handcrafted wooden machinery, rare documents, furniture, artwork, memorabilia, posters, vintage smoke boxes, and black and white photos of key industry players.

Among most interesting things to see during your visit here are the tools and tricks of the trade, and if you’re lucky, you may catch a live show and see how smoke is made. The history of the Kavala tobacco industry goes beyond trade, from politics, to technological innovation, and even gender and women’s working history, as the companies at some point banned unionized men, preferring women instead. You can learn all this and more with a visit to the Tobacco Museum of Kavala. 

And while in the city, you can journey through the world of Greek tobacco culture, visit the landmark buildings of the city’s historical tobacco warehouses and admire the Austro-Hungarian architectural gems that add a special touch to Kavala. 

For more information on the Tobacco Museum of Kavala, visit tobaccomuseum.gr




Monday, April 10, 2017

960 Greece Born - New Jersey Naturalization Records, 1878-1945



Ancestry.com has a database titled New Jersey, Naturalization Records, 1878-`1945 that contains 960 people recorded as being born in Greece.  

If you do not have a subscription to Ancestry.com, remember that you can access the program at most of your local libraries for FREE.

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Description of database:


Naturalization is the act and procedure of becoming a citizen of a country, in this case, a citizen of the United States. The records involved in this process include declarations of intention, petitions for naturalization, certificates of arrival, and oaths of allegiance.
Although all of these forms appear in this collection, only the petitions for naturalizations were indexed. So, once you locate your ancestor’s record, make sure to check the surrounding images to see if more information is available.
The information that may appear on the petition forms includes the following: name, gender, age, birth date and place, petition date and place, date and place of arrival in the US, spouse name, and (if the applicant was a child) parents’ names.


Saturday, April 8, 2017

HARRY B. PLACKAS - Born in Greece - 1939 Indiana Funeral Record

The above image is the first page of this record, the second page is displayed below.

Evans-Godby-Trout Funeral Home Records
Hamilton County, Indiana

Funeral Home Record for Harry B. Plackas, dated October 30, 1939.




About Hamilton County, Indiana, Compiled Records From Hamilton East Public Library, 1891-1962

This database consists of various records that were provided by the Hamilton East Public Library in Noblesville, Indiana
Within this database appears:
  • Funeral Home Records from Evans-Godby-Trout Funeral Home
  • Indiana Teacher's Directories, Hamilton County
  • 1920 City Directory of Noblesville, Indiana
Funeral Home Records comprise most of the database. These records often have details regarding a person's death and burial. They typically tell you when and where an ancestor died, how old they were, and where they were born. Some records have the name and birthplace of the deceased's parents, as well.
Source Information:
Ancestry.com. Hamilton County, Indiana, Compiled Records From Hamilton East Public Library, 1891-1962 [database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2017.
Original data: Compiled Records From Hamilton East Public Library, Noblesville, Indiana.  

The Book Nook: Yet Another Important Building in Greek American History



THE BOOK NOOK:
YET ANOTHER IMPORTANT BUILDING IN GREEK AMERICAN HISTORY

Published in The National Herald, May 28-June 3, 2016 Issue
Authored by Steve Frangos
TNH Staff Writer

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We are excited to announce that The National Herald has given Hellenic Genealogy Geek the right to reprint articles that may be of interest to our group. 

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When the book on Greek-American Monuments is finally compiled a lengthy entry on the Book Nook in Bloomington IN must see inclusion. Through various archival collections, historical markers, public statues and other sustained preservation efforts it is clear Americans clearly recognize the importance of this structure, the actions of its various Greek owners and how their daily lives have had a lasting influence on the people and culture of southern Indiana. My account here is merely to make these local efforts known more widely.

Now among Greek-Americans there will certainly be those who know of the both the existence and contributions of the tight-knit Greek community that stretches across southern Indiana. My singling out the Book Nook from, say, the various other early Greek-owned establishments of Bloomington such as the Greek Candy Kitchen, Nick’s English Hut, or even the later presence of the Kerasotes ownership of the Von Lee Theatre could well be questioned. Nonetheless, as each book is composed of individual pages so must we progress in our presentation of Greek-American historical structure, one historic marker, statue, fountain, or other monument at a time. And given the close nature of the Greek community in Bloomington as well as the specific history surrounding the Book Nook it will be inevitable that we mention many of the local Hellenes and their extended kin.

The Book Nook still stands at 114 S. Indiana Avenue across from the Indiana University (IU) School of Law. In 1914, John L. Nichols, a local architect designed the building in the Spanish Colonial style. In 1919, George Poolitsan, owner of the Candy Kitchen on Walnut Street, purchased the Book Nook from C.D. Fetzer and C.W. Jewett, a former mayor of Indianapolis. Poolitsan died months later, and his widow sold the business to relatives Peter, George, and Harry Costas. It was during this period that the Book Nook gained a reputation as a student hangout hotspot which featured a soda fountain, book store and music. But what else would you expect? It was the Roaring Twenties! The Jazz Age of F. Scott Fitzgerald with its college fraternity men in their raccoon coats, hot “cool” jazz and dances like the foxtrot and the collegiate. The Book Nook soon known for its music and the sometimes rowdy behavior of its customers.

The Indiana University Archives (IUA) has an array of historic photographs of the events held at Book Nook as well as those of many of the most notable characters. Notable IU alum musician and composer Hoagy Carmichael was a frequent patron, and it is said he composed his most famous songs, Stardust, at one of the Book Nook booths. In his autobiography, Sometimes I Wonder (1965), Carmichael described the Book Nook as, “a randy temple smelling of socks, wet slickers, vanilla flavoring, face powder, and unread books. Its dim lights, its scarred walls, its marked up booths, and unsteady tables made campus history.

Herman B. Wells (IU grad and later president of the University) described a slightly less raucous establishment in his autobiography, Being Lucky (1980): “in my day it was the hub of all student activity; here student political action was plotted, organizations were formed, ideas and theories were exchanged among students from various disciplines and from different sections of the campus. For most of this period the Book Nook was presided over by something of a genius, Peter Costas, a young Greek immigrant who transformed a campus hangout into a remarkably fertile cultural and political breeding place in the manner of the famous English coffee houses. All in all it was a lively, exhilarating place (http://www.dlib.indiana).”

The Book Nook Commencement ceremonies have their own unique history: “The first Book Nook Commencement was held in 1927 for William Moenkhaus, a contemporary and friend of Carmichael. Moenkhaus was a leader of a group of students who called themselves the ‘Bent Eagles,’ known to spend a lot of time at the Book Nook.” Carmichael was also a member of the “Bent Eagles,” others included Bix Beiderbecke (cornetist), “Wad” Allen, Charles Bud Dant, and Ed Wolfe. Moenkhaus was often referred to as the “poet of Indiana Avenue” and was known to perform Dada poetry. When Moenkhaus was denied his diploma due to his refusal to take a required course on hygiene, the owners of the Book Nook George and Peter Costas worked with the Bent Eagles to put together the mock commencement. The Book Nook Commencement was certainly infused with the spirit of Dada; Moenkhaus delivered his speech wearing a bathrobe and holding a dead fish. “President” Peter Costas handed out degrees from the “College of Arts and Appliances.”

The Book Nook Commencements were increasingly elaborate productions, involving a parade from fraternity house to the Nook, absurd speeches, music, the conferring of fake degrees and diplomas, and “noise” by the “Book Nook Symphony Orchestra,” and “additional noise” by the “Concert Ya Book Nook Orchestra.” Students arrived attired in cone shaped hats and bathrobes. Some of the nonsensical degrees handed out included: Master of Hearts, Doctor of Physique, Doctor of Yell, Vociferatissimus, and Lord Mare of Hearts, Eroticus, Cum Laude. During the last Book Nook Commencement, Herman B Wells, then an instructor in economics, was presented with the degree “Doctor of Nookology.” Four Book Nook Commencement ceremonies were held, three between 1927-1929, and the last in 1931. In 1930, the depression caused many students to drop out, and the mock commencement was canceled. Although it was revived the next year, soon after the 1931 commencement the Depression again put a stop to the production (http://www.dlib.indiana.edu). ”

 Without speaking of any of the other individuals mentioned as devotees of the Book Nook Hoagy Carmichael (1899-1981) and Bix Beiderbecke (1903- 1931) are two of the most revered musician/composers of the Jazz Age. Beiderbecke was one of the most influential jazz soloists of the 1920s. His turns on "Singin' the Blues" and "I'm Coming, Virginia" (both 1927), in particular transformed the genre. Yet it was Carmichael who is purported to have composed his signature song Stardust in 1927 at the Book Nook piano. In 1931, the Great Depression forced the Costas Brothers to sell the Book Nook. The children of George Poolitsan, Nick, Chris, Charlie, and Pete, and their sister Katherine Topolgus still owned the building, and re-opened it as a restaurant called The Gables. They ran it until 1968.

The Indiana University Foundation bought the building in 1979 and has leased it out to several other restaurants, including another Gables restaurant, which was owned by Max and Linda Wildman and operated from 1997 until roughly 2001. So, before anyone gets confused this structure was the Book Nook from c. 1919/1920 until 1931, then The Gables Restaurant (1931 - 1980), next Garcia's Pizza (1980 - 1996), once again The Gables (1997- 2001), then the Roly Poly Sandwich Shop (Downtown) (2002 - 2004) and now Buffalouies (Gables) at the Gables (2004 - ).

Today, a historical plaque stands out front of the building at 114 S. Indiana Avenue honoring the fact that Hoagy Carmichael composed his immortal “Star Dust” in this building. In 2008, a Hoagy Carmichael Landmark Sculpture was placed near the northeast corner of the IU Auditorium. It shows Hoagy composing Stardust on the Book Nook piano. More could be written about the Book Nook as well as the Greek community of Bloomington. Which is why more individuals should take up the task of researching and writing GreekAmerican history.




Wednesday, April 5, 2017

An Encounter with the Greeks of Chile by Alexander Billinis


The World.GreekReporter.com published the article AN ENCOUNTER WITH THE GREEKS OF CHILE on February 18, 2010, authored by our HellenicGenealogyGeek.com friend, Alexander Billinis.

"I spent the summer of 1996 studying and working in Chile, as part of a law school exchange program. As always in my world travels, I sought out the Greek community. I had heard stories from my father about his own sailor father’s travels to Chile, where he described a strong Greek community in the 1930s, centered, as usual, around shipping and mercantile activities, with the largest communities in the capital, Santiago, and the nearby Pacific port of Valparaiso (Valley of Paradise). The tragic events of the past weekend have brought my thoughts back to Chile, and to its small Greek community. When compared to the Greek communities in North America, Australia, or parts of Europe, the Greek Chilean community is very small, and highly assimilated. This is a characteristic of Greek communities throughout Latin America. Most Greeks there are of the second or third generation, and at the Santiago Church, few could follow the liturgy in Greek, and often they would cross themselves the Catholic way, as children of mixed marriages. The priest at the time was from Pireaus, where my father grew up, and the psalti was from Salonika, so we became fast friends. I even found a distant cousin of mine, who recognized my uncommon surname, Billinis, from the Vatika region of Laconia. The Greek Chilean community had a high proportion of Asia Minor origins, who uprooted from their Constantinople and Anatolian homelands, continued their search for a home. Others were like my “cousin,” merchant seafarers who landed in Valparaiso and stayed. Santiago also has a small Greek Community Center, the Colectividad Helenica, which has a small membership in a lovely building struggling to keep cultural and linguistic heritage alive. I also found the Greek Embassy quite involved with supporting the small community. Aside from the Santiago Church, there is a chapel in Valparaiso and the in coastal resort of Vina del Mar, and a small community in the northern mining town of Antofagasta. In the course of my work, I visited all of these cities, but I never was able to find the churches or communities. They had been absorbed, more of a cultural artifact. In this, I was reminded of my travels in Hungary and Austria, where Greek communities left impressive architectural and educational foundations, now assimilated."

READ THE ENTIRE ARTICLE AT - http://world.greekreporter.com/2010/02/28/an-encounter-with-the-greeks-of-chile/



A Eulogy for Dawson, New Mexico Where Greek Miners Worked and Died


A EULOGY FOR DAWSON, NEW MEXICO
WHERE GREEK MINERS WORKED AND DIED

Published in The National Herald, March 18-24, 2017 Issue
Authored by Steve Frangos
TNH Staff Writer

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We are excited to announce that The National Herald has given Hellenic Genealogy Geek the right to reprint articles that may be of interest to our group. 

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Rubble is all that marks what was once Dawson, NM. As such, there is too little there to even call it a “ghost town.” Yet, what does remain aside from the odd mound of debris is the town's cemetery, known both as Dawson Cemetery and Evergreen Cemetery. 

Two terrible events led to the cemetery, not the town, being listed in 1992 on the National Register of Historical Places. Today, the Dawson Cemetery can be found at (approximately) four miles Northwest of junction US 64 and Dawson Road. The Dawson Cemetery is as much a part of Greek-American history as it is American labor movement or the history of New Mexico.

By 1869, coal had been discovered on the land that would become Dawson. After a series of owners, the Phelps-Dodge Corporation (PD) bought the area’s mines in 1906. To its credit, PD spared no expense in their efforts to make Dawson a model mining community. In time “the company built spacious homes for its miners, supplied with water from the company's water system. They also built a four-story brick building which housed PD’s Mercantile Department Store, which sold virtually anything the townfolk might need: food, clothing, shoes, hardware, furniture, drugs, jewelry, baked goods and ice from its own plant. 

A modern hospital was built which maintained a staff of five doctors and was complete with a laboratory, surgery, and X-ray equipment. For leisure, the miners enjoyed the use of the company-built movie theater, swimming pool, bowling alley, baseball park, pool hall, golf course, lodge hall, and even an opera house. PD also supported two churches, one Catholic and one Protestant. Children attended either the Central Elementary School in Downtown Dawson or the Douglas Elementary School on Captain Hill. A large high school building was built that eventually employed 40 teachers, and their athletic teams won many state championships. The company also built a steam-powered electric plant, which powered not only Dawson, but also the nearby towns of Walsenburg, Colorado, and Raton. Providing good-paying jobs for the residents, the extra features of the company town helped keep the employment stable, and under the new management Dawson's population grew quickly to 3,500 (legendsofamerica.com).” All seemed well and the town grew into approximately 9,000 residents supporting ten coal mines.

Then, on October 22, 1913, an incorrectly set dynamite charge resulted in an enormous explosion in Stag Canon Mine No. 2 that set a tongue of fire one hundred feet out of the tunnel mouth. It was later determined that the explosion was caused by a dynamite charge set off while the mine was in general operation, igniting coal dust in the mine. This was in violation of mining safety laws. Rescue efforts were well-organized and exhaustive, but only a few miners could be rescued. Two hundred and sixty three died in the second-worst mining disaster in American history. Only the December 6, 1907, Monongah Mining disaster was worse. In that underground explosion, 362 workers were killed in a in a Monongah, WV mine.

Of the Dawson 1913 catastrophe worker casualties tolled, 146 were Italians, 35 Greeks, and two rescuers. Despite the fact that they were specially equipped 'helmet-men' outfitted with airtanks during their rescue effort James Lurdi and William Poisa inexplicably died. The 35 identified dead Greek miners were: Amargiotu, John; Anastasakis, John; Andres, John; Andres, Pavlo; Andrios, Thelfno; Anezakis, Milos; Anezakis, Stilen; Arkotas, Nick; Bouzakis, Nick; Castenagus, Magus; Colonintres, John; Cotrules, George; Cotrules, Mak; Fanarakis, Michael; Gelas, George; Iconome, Demetrius; Katis, Gust; Ladis, Vassilias; Lopakis, Magus; Magglis, Vassos; Makris, Cost; Makris, George; Michelei, Agostino; Mifinigan, Tones; Minotatis, Emm; Nicolocci, Nick; Papas, Cost; Papas, Nakis; Papas, Strat; Paperi, Mike; Parashas, Manon; Pino, Kros; Sexot, John; Stavakis, Polikronis and Vidalakis, Antonios (https://familysearch.org). The Phelps-Dodge Corporation paid for all funeral costs for all the victims. In addition the company gave each widow $1,000 dead benefit and $200 to each child.

Given the technological advancements of the 1913-era a Pathe newsreel of the Dawson disaster toured the nation. A 17- minute silent film held by the Prelinger Archives on the Dawson disaster can be seen on YouTube. It is difficult to assess the Prelinger footage, since it seems to be the victim of an array of editorial cuttings. Sources suggest that this newsreel may in fact be a reenactment. It seems likely, then, that the helmeted mine rescue units, seen so prominently in this newsreel, arrived several days after the actual disaster (Salt Lake Tribune October 25, 1913). 

Then, on February 8, 1923, yet another explosive disaster struck the Dawson mines in which 123 men died. At the time of that disaster, women who had run in 1913 to the mines to see about their husbands’ safety in 1923 ran to learn of their sons’ safety. From 1880 to 1910, mine accidents claimed thousands of fatalities all across the United States. Annual mining deaths had numbered more than 1,000 a year, during the early part of the 20th century. In addition to deaths, many thousands more miners were injured (an average of 21,351 injuries per year between 1991 and 1999). For the 1923 The Dawson Cemetery Inscriptions and Other Vital Records I can only find the following Greek individuals identified Nick Arvas; Evangelos P. Chiboukis, Evangelos P.; Scopelitis, Criss; Scopelitis; and Paul Stamos among the dead (chuckspeed.com/Dawson_Association/Dawson_Cemetery.pdf ).

As anyone visiting can see, prominent in the center of the Dawson Cemetery is a large section of white trefoil crosses composed solely of the collective graves of miners killed both in 1913 and 1923. With so many miners coming from other countries, these tragedies were truly international incidents. In recognition of the importance of this overall site, the cemetery has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places. 

In 2013, Greeks in New Mexico observed the “100 Year Anniversary Day of Remembrance” for all who perished in the mine explosions in Dawson. A coalition from Albuquerque St George Greek Orthodox Church and St Elias the Prophet of Santa Fe held memorial services first at the individual churches and then graveside services at the Dawson Cemetery. GreekAmerican event organizers such as Georgia Maryol and Nicolette Psyllas-Panagopoulos sought to alert the general New Mexican public about this day of observance to much success. Other events included the October 20th commemorative observance at the Raton Museum shared by historians and miner's descendants.

Then, in 2014, the YouTube video “The Dawson Mines – 100 Years” was aired. The focus of that documentary is on the six Greek miners who died in the tragedy who were all from the village of Volada on the island of Karpathos: Vasilios Manglis, Polihronis Stavrakis, Alex Kritikos, Costas Makris, George Makris, Vasilios Ladis. Ladis had arrived in Dawson only two weeks before the 1913 disaster. This film was produced for the Pan-Karpathian Foundation's 2014 annual 'Mnimosino' memorial service. 

Clearly, the Dawson Cemetery is a part of Greek-American history as well as the American labor movement. Therefore, the Dawson Cemetery historical marker must be added to the ever growing list of GreekAmerican monuments and historic sites. 

It is exactly in this manner that we are collectively creating a Greek-American Historical Commons, one location, one person, one event at a time




1875 - Village of NEOCHORI, Municiplaity of Lykosoura, Region of Megalopolis , Greece - FREE Translation of 1875 General Election List


The digital collections of the Greek State Archives offer a wealth of information to those of us interested in Greek genealogy.  As part of their online collection is the "Election Material From the Collection of Vlachoyiannis" .  This includes "General Election Lists" for each Municipality; recorded by community (city, village, settlement, etc.).

You can view a scanned copy of each list, printed in the Greek language.  This is a GREAT resource, but very difficult to navigate for those who do not read Greek.  Each row includes:  Line # -  Given Name, Surname - Father's Name -  Age - Occupation.

I have translated these pages and made them available in both Greek and English, doing my best to transcribe the information accurately.  I would always recommend viewing the original scanned copies (link below).  

- To the best of my knowledge, these lists include all Males who were eligible to vote in the elections.  

- Names are in alphabetical order by Given name (First name), many times recorded as an abbreviaton.  Example:  Panag = Panagiotis.

- Since the names are in order by Given name you will have to look at the entire community to find multiple members of the family in the same village.  Many times a father is still alive and you will be able to find him in these electoral lists.  This can help advance you family history research back to the early 1800's.  Example:  Year of Election List is 1872.  Father's age is 65.  Birth year would be calculated as 1807.

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If you wish to share any of the translated information, please give appropriate credit and reference Hellenic Genealogy Geek at http://www.hellenicgenealogygeek.com along with my name (Georgia Stryker Keilman).  Thanks so much.
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VILLAGE OF NEOCHORI
in the
Municipality of Lykosoura

For your further reference, 
below is the Greek link to the online copies of the 
1875 Greek Electoral Rolls for this community


Line # - Surname - Given Name - Father's Name - Age - Occupation

1900 – Αποστολος Αργυροπουλος – Αργυρης – 41 – γεωργος

1900 – Apostolos Argyropoulos – Argyris – 41 - farmer

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1901 – Αντωνιος Αδαμοπουλος – Αδαμης – 43 – γεωργος

1901 – Andonios Adamopoulos – Adamis – 43 - farmer

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1902 – Αθανασιος Παναγιωτοπουλος – Παναγιωτης – 37 – γεωργος

1902 – Athanasios Panagiotopoulos – Panagiotis – 37 - farmer

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1903 – Βασιλειος Νανος – Παναγιωτης – 37 – γεωργος

1903 – Vasileios Nanos – Panagiotis – 37 - farmer

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1904 – Γρηγοριος Νανος – Παναγιωτης – 36 – γεωργος

1904 – Grigorios Nanos – Panagiotis – 36 - farmer

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1905 – Γεωργιος Γιαννακοπουλος – Γιαννακης – 29 – γεωργος

1905 – Georgios Giannakopoulos – Giannakis – 29 - farmer

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1906 – Γιαννακης Ζαχαριος – Ζαχαριος – 39 – γεωργος

1906 – Giannakis ZachariosZacharios – 39 - farmer

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1907 – Γεωργιος Χαιος – Ζαχαριος – 34 – γεωργος

1907 – Georgios Chaios – Zacharios – 34 - farmer

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1908 – Γεωργακης Λαμπροπουλος – Λαμπρος- 35 – γεωργος

1908 – Georgakis Lambropoulos – Lambros – 35 - farmer

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1909 – Ευσταθιος Γεωργοπουλος – Γεωργιος – 43 – γεωργος

1909 – Efstathios Georgopoulos – Georgios – 43 - farmer

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1910 – Ηλιας Θεοδωροπουλος – Αθανασιος – 29 – γεωργος

1910 – Ilias Theodoropoulos – Athanasios – 29 - farmer

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1911 – Κωνσταντινος Νανοπουλος – Στυλιανος – 25 – γεωργος

1911 – Konstandinos Nanopoulos – Stylianos – 25 - farmer

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1912 – Νικολαος Βλαχογιαννοπουλος – Νικολαος – 27 – γεωργος

1912 – Nikolaos Vlachogiannopoulos – Nikolaos – 27 - farmer

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1913 – Θεοδωρος Θεοδωροπουλος – Αθανασιος – 29 – γεωργος

1913 – Theodoros Theodoropoulos – Athanasios – 29 - farmer

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1914 – Νικολαος Αδαμοπουλος – Νικολαος – 25 – γεωργος

1914 – Nikolaos Adamopoulos – Nikolaos – 25 - farmer

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1915 – Παναγιωτης Αλεξοπουλος – Αθανασιος – 27 – γεωργος

1915 – Panagiotis Alexopoulos – Athanasios – 27 - farmer

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1916 – Παναγιωτης Γεωργοπουλος – Ευσταθιος – 28 – γεωργος

1916 – Panagiotis Georgopoulos – Efstathios – 28 - farmer

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1917 – Παναγιωτης Γιαννοπουλος – Γιαννης – 28 – γεωργος

1917 – Panagiotis Giannopoulos – Giannis – 28 - farmer

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1918 – Παυλος Αδαμοπουλος – Αδαμης – 36 – γεωργος

1918 – Pavlos Adamopoulos – Adamis – 36 - farmer

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1919 – Στυλιανος Νανος – Κωνσταντινος – 31 – γεωργος

1919 – Stylianos Nanos – Konstandinos – 31 - farmer

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1920 – Φωτιος Παναγιωτοπουλος – Παναγιωτης – 39 – γεωργος

1920 – Fotios Panagiotopoulos – Panagiotis – 39 - farmer

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1921 – Φωτιος Θεοδωροπουλος – Αθανασιος – 29 – γεωργος

1921 – Fotios Theodoropoulos – Athanasios – 29 - farmer

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1922 – Χρηστος Πανταζοπουλος – Αθανασιος – 37 – γεωργος

1922 – Christos Pandazopoulos – Athanasios – 37 - farmer

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