Red Acropolis, Black Terror - Greek Civil War Soviet-American Rivalry

There are so many interesting books available on Modern Greek History, written from many different perspectives. This one is – “Red Acropolis, Black Terror - The Greek Civil War and the Origins of Soviet-American Rivalry, 1943-1949” by Andre Gerolymatos. It was published in 2004 by Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group.

You can view the following on the page below:

133 names mentioned in this book

Table of Contents

Synopsis from the dust jacket

This same information can be viewed on the web page for “Red Acropolis, Black Terror”

I hope some of you will find this information helpful.


Georgia Keilman

A resource for Greek family genealogy research


Alexatos, Gerasimos (code-named Odysseus)

Anastasiadis, Stergios

Angelopoulos, Angelos

Anyfandis, Georgios

Bakirdzis, Euripides

Baltazzis, Georgios

Bartziotas, Vasilis

Bilirakis, Kostas

Coutsoyiannopoulos, Charalambos

Damaskinos (Archbishop)

Demertzis, Constantine

Dodis, Dione

Economou-Gouras, Paul

Economou, Kaiti

Eleftheriou, Koula

Fortis, Nicoloidis

Georgiou, Vasos

Glezos, Manolis

Gonatas, Stylianos

Gounaris, Dimitris

Grigoriadis, Neokosmos

Grigoriadis, Phoibos

Grivas, George

Hadjimichaelis, Michaelis

Hadzis, Thanasis

Hadzivasiliou, Chrysa

Hatzianestis, Georgios

Hondros, John

Ioannidis, Domna

Ioannidis, Yiannis

Kanellopoulos, Panagiotis

Kanellopoulos, Panayiotis


Karayiannis, George

Karlis, Charilaos


Katsuris, Andreas

Katsuris, Kostas

Katsuris, Leo

Kitsios, Christos

Koliopoulos, John

Kondylis, George

Koryzis, Alexander

Kotsis, Spiros

Kouroniotis, Mikes

Kouvaras, Kostas

Krokidas, S.

Kyrou, Adonis

Levidis, Alexander


Logotheropoulos, Constantine


Makaronis, Vases

Makka-Photiadi, Despina

Makridis, Theodoros

Makriyiannis, Ioannis

Maltezos, Kitsos

Mamas, Helen

Mandakas, Emmanouil

Maniadakis, Constantine

Maximos, Dimitrios

Metaxas, Ioannis

Mouskoundis, Nicholas

Nikoloudis, Theologos


Panagiotakos, Christos

Pangalos, Theodore

Papadaki, Eleni

Papagos, Alexander

Papailiou, Meni

Papanastasiou, Alexander

Papandreou, Andreas

Papandreou, George

Papandreou, Miranda

Partsalidis, Mitsos

Patrikios, Andreas

Patrikios, Angeliki

Patrikios, Kratitira

Paxinou, Katina


Petropoulos, John

Petrotsopoulos, Kostas

Phokas, Nikolaos

Plastiras, Nikolaos

Popov, Grigori

Porphyrogenis, Miltiadis


Protopapadakis, Petros

Psarros, Dimitris

Pyromaglou, Komninos

Rallis, George

Rallis, Ioannis

Rendis, Constantine

Rigopoulos, Rigas

Rogakos, Panagiotis

Rousos, Petros

Sakellariou, Alexander

Santas, Apostolos

Sarafis, Stefanos (aka Saraphis)

Saraphis (aka Stefanos Sarafis)

Sarigiannis, Prolemaios

Seferiadis, Alekos

Siantos, George

Siantos, Ioannis

Simitis, Kostas

Spiliotopoulos, Panayiotis

Staktopoulos, Grigoris

Stavrakis, Peter

Stavrianos, L. S.

Stratos, Nikolaos

Svolos, Alexander

Theotokis, Nikolaos

Tsaldaris, Panagiotis

Tsaous, Anton

Tsellos, Epaminondas

Tsigantes, Ioannis

Tsirimokos, Ilias

Tsolakoglou, George

Tsouderos, Emmanouil

Vaphiadis, Markos

Velouchiotis, Aris

Vendiris, Constantine

Venizelos, Eleutherios

Venizelos, Sophocles

Voulgaris, Petros

Yiotopoulos, Alexandros

Yiotopoulos, Dimitris

Zachariadis, Nikos

Zannas, Alexander

Zaousis, Alexander

Zervas, Napoleon

Zevgos, Ioannis

Zevgos, Yiannis

Zevgou, Kaiti


Acknowledgements, List of Terms, Chronology


Historical Background

The Politics of Violence: From Resistance to Civil War

Bloody December: The Second Round of the Civil War

The Pogrom of the Left: The Prelude to White Terror

The International Civil War

Epilogue: Shadows Cast from Yesterday Full Circle: From Greece to Vietnam

Notes, Bibliography, Index

Following is the synopsis from the dust jacket:

“From 1943 to 1949, tens of thousands of Greek soldiers and guerillas fought and slaughtered each other – as well as thousands of innocents – in a civil war of unrelenting and shocking savagery. In the wake of the Allied liberation of Greece from German occupation, the fighting transformed into a full-scale civil war, pitting the Communist insurgents against U.S. and British-backed government forces. As a proxy war between the postwar superpowers, the Greek Civil War became the first hot zone of the Cold War.

In Red Acropolis, Black Terror, historian Andre Gerolymatos recounts the full history of this divisive conflict, exposing old wounds that still fester beneath the surface of contemporary Greek society. He tells the stories of ordinary Greek men, women, and children caught up in turbulent times and by powerful foreign forces intent on exerting political control on the Balkan region. In telling detail, Gerolymatos relates the atrocities committed by both sides, such as the mass graves around Athens, where Communist partisans executed hundreds of civilians, and the notorious military tribunals and prison islands established by right-wing authorities to punish leftist sympathizers.

From the early years of the German occupation, when resistance groups first began to organize in the mounts, to the assassination of U.S. journalist George Polk in 1948, Red Acropolis, Black Terror tells the riveting story of one of the most important “small wars” of the twentieth century – a war that had lasting influence on the post-war world and had a profound impact on American foreign policy.

In many ways, the Greek Civil War heralded America’s future involvement in Vietnam: not only did it mark the first time the United States used napalm, but it was the test-case for American counterinsurgency operations and convinced U.S. policymakers that such wars were winnable. Red Acropolis, Black Terror unflinchingly presents the personal horrors of this brutal war, while exploring the global issues that made this conflict so vital to understanding the Cold War that followed”