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by George Finlay.;
Published by Will Blackwood - 1856
TABLE OF CONTENTS and LIST OF 60 NAMES MENTIONED IN BOOK have been transcribed below for your reference.
THE POLITICAL AND MILITARY ORGANISATION OF THE OTHOMAN EMPIRE, BY WHICH THE GREEKS WERE RETAINED IN SUBJECTION. A.D. 1453-1684.
Measures of the Othoman Conquerors to Consolidate Their Domination – Position of the Greeks in the Othoman Empire – Extent of the Empire - Degradation of the Greek Population – Stability of the Othoman Power – Its Institutions – Tribute-Children – Ulema – First Class of Institutions: Those Derived From the Koran – Second Class: Those Derived From the Seljouk Empire – Third Class: Those Peculiar to the Othoman Government – Kanun-Name of Mohammed II. Administrative Divisions – Defective Administration of Justice – Nizam Djedid of Mustapha Kueprilij, A.D. 1691 – Finances – Haratsh – Commercial Taxes – Land-Tax – Depreciation of the Currency – Project of Exterminating the Christian Subjects of the Sultan – Improvement of the Othoman Administration – Murder Authorised by an Organic Law of the Empire – Othoman Army – Feudal Militia – Janissaries – Regular Cavalry – Sipahis – Tribute of Christian Children – Irregular Troops – Christian Troops and Auxiliaries – Decline of the Administrative System – Venality – Wealth – Discipline Long Maintained in the Army.
THE NAVAL CONQUESTS OF THE OTHOMANS IN GREECE . A.D. 1453-1684.
Decline of the Greek Population During this Period – Effects of the Othoman Conquest – Extent of Country Inhabited by the Greek Race Which Remained Under the Domination of the Latin Christians After the Conquest – Conquest of Mytilene – Venetian War, A.D. 1463-1479 – Conquest of the Dominions of Leonardo Di Tocco – Venetian War, A.D. 1499-1502 – Conquest of Rhodes – Invasion of the Morea by Andrea Doria – Venetian War, A.D. 1537-1540 – Conquest of Chios – Extinction of the Duchy of Naxos – Conquest of Cyprus – Battle of Lepanto, A.D. 1571 – State of the Greek Population, A.D. 1573-1644 – Maritime Warfare, and Piracies in the Grecian Seas – Knights of Malta – Knights of St Stefano, and Navy of Tuscany – Exploits of the Othoman Navy – Depopulation of the Coasts of Greece by the Maritime Expeditions of the Christian Powers – Ravages of the Cossacks in the Black Sea – War of Candia, A.D. 1645-1669 – Subjugation of Maina – Apostacy of Christians.
SOCIAL CONDITION OF THE GREEKS UNTIL THE EXTINCTION OF THE TRIBUTE OF CHRISTIAN CHILDREN. A.D. 1453-1676.
The Cultivators of the Soil Become the True Representatives of the Greek Nation During Three Centuries – Decline in the Numbers and Civilisation of the Greek Race During This Period – A Certain Degree of Improvement Takes Place in the Material Wealth of the Town Population – Animosity Between the Greeks and Catholics – Toleration Displayed by Mohammed II. – Contrast Between the Moral Condition of the Greeks and Turks at this Period – Influence of Monachism on Greek Society – Position of the Greek Church at the Time of the Othoman Conquest – Re-establishment of an Orthodox Patriarch at Constantinople by Mohammed II. Simo-niacal Elections of the Patriarchs – Story of a Trick by Which the Greeks Pretend that the Patriarch Jeremiah Saved the Churches in Constantinople – The Greek Laity Abstained from Appealing to Othoman Courts of Justice More Steadily Than the Clergy – Increase of Ecclesiastical Corruption in the Orthodox Church – General Good Conduct of the Secular Clergy in the Rural Parishes Preserved the Profound Reverence of the Greek People for Their National Church – Political and Social Position of the Greek Laity – Effect of the Immigration of the Spanish Jews into the Levant on the Position of the Greek Population in the Towns – Order Prevalent in the Cities of the Othoman Empire – Extinction of the Tribute of Christian Children.
VENETIAN DOMINATION IN GREECE. A.D. 1684-1718.
Behaviour of the Othoman Government to the Representatives of the Christian Powers at the Sublime Porte – Venetian Republic Declares War with the Porte – Morosini Captain-General of the Republic – Campaign in Greece, 1684 – German Mercenaries in the Service of Venice – Campaign of 1685 – or 1686 – or 1687 – Siege of Athens and Destruction of the Parthenon – Campaign of 1688 – Siege of Negrepont – Venetian Deserters – Peace of Carlovitz – Venetian Administration in the Morea – Population, Revenues, and Commerce – Civil Government and Condition of the People – Maniates – State of Property and Administration of Justice – Ecclesiastical Administration – Catholic Clergy – Relations of the Porte with the European Powers When War was Renewed with Venice in 1715 – Conquest of the Morea by the Grand Vizier Ali Cumurgi – Following Events of the War – Peace of Passarovitz.
THE CAUSES AND EVENTS WHICH PREPARED THE GREEKS FOR INDEPENDENCE. A.D. 1718-1821.
Improvement in the Condition of the Greeks During the Eighteenth Century – Condition of Chios – Comparison of Chios with Tinos and Naxos – Religious Contests of the Catholics and Orthodox in the Othoman Empire – Character and Influence of the Phanariots, or Greek Officials in the Service of the Sultan – Treaty of Belgrade, A.D. 1739 – War Between Turkey and Russia Concluded by the Peace of Kainardje, A.D. 1768-1774 – Operations of the Russians in the Morea – Naval Operations and Battle of Tchesme – Defeat of the Russians at Lemnos – Hassan Ghazi Exterminates the Albanian Troops in the Morea – Establishes the Authority of the Capitan-Pasha in Maina – War Between Turkey and Russia, A.D. 1787-1792 – Insurrection of the Suliots, An Albanian Tribe in Epirus – Lambros Katsones and Piracy in the Grecian Seas – Ionian Islands Subject to the French Republic, to the Russians, and to the English – Change in the Social Position of the Greeks at the Commencement of the Nineteenth Century – Influence of the Phanariots and of Commerce on National Consolidation – Improvement of the Modern Greek Language a Powerful Instrument in Advancing National Centralisation – Change in the Nature of the Sultan’s Power, and Decline of the Othoman Empire – Conclusion.
Chronological List of Othoman Sultans
List of Signors of Mytilene
List of Phanariot Voivodes of Vallachia and Moldavia
LIST OF NAMES MENTIONED IN BOOK
Ghika, Gregorios (the elder)
Ghika I., Gregorios
Ghika I., Matthew
Ghika I., Skariatos
Ghika II., Gregorios
Kallimaki I., Gregorios
Kallimaki I., John Th.
Kallimaki I., Skariatos
Kozanites, Demetrios Oikonomos
Mavrocordatos I., Alexander
Mavrocordatos I., Constantine
Mavrocordatos I., John
Mavrocordatos I., Nicolas
Mourouzi I., Alexander
Rakoviza I., Constantine
Rakoviza I., Michael
Scholarios, George - aka Gennadios
Soutzo I., Alexander
Soutzo I., Michael
Ypsilanti I., Alexander
Ypsilanti I., Constantine