Saturday, October 11, 2014

63 Children born in Greece - Connecticut, School Age Certificates (Right to Work), 1904-1911



Ancestry.com has a database online that is titled - CONNECTICUT, SCHOOL AGE CERTIFICATES, 1904-1911  which includes 63 entries for children who listed Greece as their place of birth.

Don't forget - most of you can access these records online at your local public library for FREE.  Read more on one of my previous posts "Something New To Try When Using Ancestry.com in the Library for FREE"




RECORD DESCRIPTION FROM ANCESTRY.COM


These certificates vouched for your young ancestor’s right to work.
Historical Background
As the twentieth century opened, the issue of child labor had risen to prominence in the labor movement. Thanks to reformers like Florence Kelley, Jane Addams, and Mother Jones, people were starting to take notice, and some states began regulating hours and conditions in which children could work.
Connecticut started establishing educational requirements for working children in 1869. By 1882, working children between the ages of 8 and 14 were required to attend at least 12 weeks of school, and in 1895, children under the age of 14 were prohibited from working in “gainful employment” at all. In 1899, additional legislation gave teeth to the law by imposing a $20-per-week fine. To ensure compliance, employers had to keep proof of age for their child employees on file, but proof could be hard to come by, particularly in the cases of many young immigrants.
What Are School Age Certificates?
The Connecticut State Board of Education helped with oversight of child laborers and, beginning in 1903, could issue certificates for children over 14 as proof of age. This collection includes images of the stubs from these certificates. They may include the following details:
  • date
  • town
  • child’s name
  • date and place of birth
  • first names of the mother and father
  • evidence provided as proof of age